Elective Workshops

Wednesday, June 19th & Saturday, June 22nd:

13:30 – 17:00 Concurrent Elective Workshops


The Impact of Virtual Reality (VR) on CranioMaxillofacial Surgery: The Future is Here

Pravin K Patel MD , Lee Alkureishi MD, Jay Banerjee MBA, Linping Zhao PhD, Rosemary Seelaus MAMS, Christopher Micallef MD
Craniofacial Center, UIC
Industrial Engineering and Design, UIC and Immersive Technologies

For nearly half-a-century, reconstructing patients with craniofacial deformities has relied primarily on two-dimensional photographic images and radiographs.  It was the surgeon’s eye and experience that integrated the two-dimensional records to generate the virtual three-dimensional image for surgical planning.   In the last decade of the twentieth century, multi-dimensional visualization of the skeletal deformity became possible with the emergence of computerized tomography (CT).  This allowed the surgeon the ability to visualize the complexity of the deformity but not the ability to simulate surgery.

It is only within the last several years that rapid advances in computational software began to transform the pure visual imagery of CT to allow the surgical simulation to become a reality.  Today surgeons and orthodontists are beginning to have the tools to simulate orthodontic movement,  various craniofacial skeletal osteotomy patterns and the ability to manipulate each of the bony elements.   However, the limitation of true simulation has always been the inability to fully visualize the third dimension on two-dimensional flat screen displays.  Thus, surgeons relied on 3D printed models for tactile feedback and to visualize depth.  With the recent introduction of immersive virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR) and haptic feedback (HF), true three-dimensional surgical simulation becomes a possibility.

This presentation will review currently accessible technology for the practicing surgeon and dentist through a series of cases studies for patients who required various components of craniofacial surgery.  This will include pre- and post-processing of diagnostic 3D surface and skeletal records; integrated orthodontic-surgical planning, 3D relevant software for both orthodontic and skeletal manipulation, translation from virtual to physical environment with CAD/CAM 3D printed models and guides.  This presentation will also showcase the technology of the future where resident training and patient-specific planning for the surgeon will be done in an immersive VR environment that will closely simulate the operating theater.

Cost: $75.00 USD per person / $100.00 USD after May 1, 2019